Non-caloric artificial sweeteners, non-nutritive sweeteners, saccharin, sucralose, aspartame
Sweetens food while minimising the caloric intake that comes with natural glucose, due to body’s inability to process it.
Artificial sweeteners became a prominent figure in society around the 1960s, when dieters became more interested in “calorie-free” options. Since then, their use has grown, with the FDA classifying artificial sweeteners as “generally regarded as safe” (GRAS). They’re wildly used in many processed foods as a replacement to natural sugars, to help minimise sugar intake. This serves the purpose of aiding weight loss and management, and also control of diabetes and other potential lifestyle diseases.
However, recent evidence suggests that artificial sweeteners may not be as innocent and good as they would have us believe.
Mayo Clinic,. ‘Artificial Sweeteners And Other Sugar Substitute’. 2015, accessed on 15 October 2015.
Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/artificial-sweeteners/art-20046936
Harvard School of Public Health,. ‘Artificial Sweeteners | The Nutrition Source’. 2015, accessed on 15 October 2015.
Available at: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/healthy-drinks/artificial-sweeteners/